March 30, 2019

Your guide to appointing a proxy at a private Australian company

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Your guide to appointing a proxy at a private Australian company

Updated: 6 December 2019

In this article, I will cover the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) rules for appointing a proxy at a private Australian company.

In a hurry? Jump ahead. 

Who is a proxy?

First, in the context of this article, a proxy is someone that’s eligible to attend and cast a vote at a shareholder meeting on another shareholder's behalf.

The rules for who can appoint a proxy are in section 249X of the Corporations Act 2001. 

The proxy can either be an individual or a body corporate.

And, as a refresher, a body corporate is a company registered by ASIC in Australia.


If the shareholder is able to cast 2 or more votes, then they may appoint 2 proxies.

And, if a shareholder does this but does not set out how many votes each proxy has, then each proxy may exercise half the votes. 

Below we’ll look at the rights of proxies. 

Rights of proxies 

Now, proxy rights are found in section 249Y of the Corporations Act 2001.

Basically, a proxy has the same rights as that shareholder, namely to: 

  • speak at the meeting; 
  • vote (as the appointment permits); and 
  • join in a demand for a poll. 

Also, if you have a constitution, be sure to check what it says about proxies because in some instances, proxies are not able to vote on a show of hands. 

Appointment forms and lists

Any proxy appointment form sent to a list of people willing to act as proxies, must also be sent to shareholders that ask for the list. 

And the company must send the form or list to all its members eligible to appoint a proxy to attend and vote at the meeting: section 249Z Corporations Act 2001. 

Appointing a proxy 

For a proxy to be valid, a signature or other authentication is essential. 

And, for your easy reference, you can find the regulation section below.

Below is the information you'll need to appoint a proxy:

  • ​shareholder name and address;
  • company name;
  • proxy’s name or name of the office held by the proxy; and
  • meetings where proxy is eligible to act.

Below we'll see what the Corporations Regulations say about authenticating a proxy appointment.  

Corporations Regulations 2001 2G.2.01

Authentication of appointment of proxy is covered under section 250A of the Corporations Act 2001. This section says an electronic authentication of an appointment of a proxy must include:

  • a method of identifying the shareholder; and
  • an indication of the shareholder's approval of the information.
  • If a shareholder appoints a proxy by e-mail or Internet voting:
    • the shareholder's personal details (for example, the member's name, address and date of birth); and
    • the shareholder's approval of the information must be by a form of security protection (for example, the entering a shareholder registration number or holder identification number).

An appointment does not have to be signed.

And if the appointment is unsigned, it is taken to have been dated on the day it is given to the company.

Below, we'll cover the proxy document rules.

Proxy documents

For the appointment of a proxy to be effective, the company must receive proxy documents at least 48 hours before the meeting (unless the constitution states a shorter period): 

  • the proxy’s appointment; 
  • the authority under which the appointment as signed or authenticated and a certified copy of that authority. 

And, the proxy documents can be sent to: 

  • company registered office; or
  • fax number at the company’s registered office; or
  • a place, fax number or electronic address for the purpose of the meeting notice. 

Direction about vote 

An appointer may advise the proxy the way the proxy should vote on a resolution. 

Below are the rules for proxy votes per section 250BB of the Corporations Act 2001.

  • the proxy does not need to vote on a show of hands but if they do, they must vote per any direction;
  • if the proxy has 2 or more appointments that specify different ways to vote on the resolution - the proxy must not vote on a show of hands; and
  • if the proxy is not the chair, they don’t need to vote on a poll.

Chair to act as proxy 

And, in some situations, there may be a transfer of a non-chair proxy to a chair, for example, if a proxy (that is not the chair) is not in attendance or does not vote on a resolution: section 250BC Corporations Act 2001.

Conflict of interest - voting by key management personnel

A proxy won't be able to vote on a resolution for the pay of a member of key management personnel if they are themselves key management personnel or a closely related party.

The exception to this rule is if:

  • the proxy is the chair of the meeting at which the resolution is voted on; and 
  • the appointment authorises the chair to exercise the proxy even if it’s connected directly or indirectly with the remuneration of key management personnel. 

ASIC powers 

ASIC may declare that the conflict of interest rule does not apply and that a casting of a vote is not prevented on a resolution.

Validity of proxy vote 

Finally, a proxy who is not eligible to vote on a resolution as a shareholder may vote as a proxy for another shareholder that is eligible to vote, however, their appointment must state the way they are to vote on a resolution.

Also, the proxy vote can be valid even if the shareholder dies or revokes their appointment. 


About the author 

Vivian Michael

As founder and lawyer at Michael Law Group, Vivian advises Australia's top entrepreneurs on business and employment matters. Clients benefit from Vivian's commercially focussed and pragmatic legal advice, business experience, and commitment to deliver the best quality business legal services to her clients.

  • Dear Vivian,
    Found your summary very helpful. I am a member of a dual cooperative structure in Western Australia.
    I am particularly interested in your notations regarding Proxy voting.
    For 15 years proxy forms were included in the items for meeting and mailed out but 2 years ago proxies were only issued in person, not even to family members.
    Not surprising I guess a few interesting things have transpired in that time.
    My question if you would be gracious enough to answer or at least tell me me what additional documents I should chance up is the following.
    As I understand it the WA Cooperatives act is a derivative of the Federal Corporations Act and our Cooperatives Rules are derived from the Model Rules and the WA Act itself. So, am I to assume that regarding primacy the ranking is Federal act then State act then local Cooperative Rules?
    Meaning also that if a subordinate Act is silent regard a matter but it is defined in the superior Act, then that is how it is.
    Example: our Rules allow proxies and considerable detail in relation to them, the Rules also include an approved “Instrument of Proxy form”. However the State Act and our rules don’t say how the proxy forms are to be distributed.
    To further clarify the question I guess, the detail in 249Z which you reference makes it pretty clear that on lodgement of request for proxy they will be mailed out.
    Hope you will oblige and my sincere thanks in anticipation.
    Rod Sweetman. Carnarvon WA. Coop referred to is Gascoyne Water Cooperative.

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